Defense expenditure: 1995: $354m 1994: $368m
Defense Budget: 1996: $358m
TOTAL ARMED FORCES:
Active: 10,000 (8,700 conscripts; 445 women)
Terms of service: conscription, 26 months, then reserve to age 50 (officers 65).
45,000 first-line (age 20-34); 43,000 second-line (age 35-50)
ARMY (NATIONAL GUARD): 10,000.
MBT (Main Battle Tanks): 52 AMX-30 B2 (French); 41 T-80U (Russian); 52 AMX-30 ( French--being delivered through Greece).
RECCE (Reconnaissance vehicles): 124 EE-9 Cascavel (Brazilian); 15 EE-3 Jararaka (Brazilian)
AIFV:(Armed Infantry Fighting Vehicles): 70 (French, Russian)
APC: (Armored Personnel Carrier): 390 est.(Greek, French, Russian)
NAVY: Nothing of military significance. Two small patrol crafts
AIR FORCE: No combat aircraft.
MILITARY BALANCE : TURKEY- CYPRUS
AREA 300,948 sq. miles 3,572 sq.miles (total)2,277 (free, Republic of Cyprus) 1,295 (territory occupied by Turkey)
POPULATION 62 million (1996 est) 736,000 (Total) (Muslims, mostly Sunni)
623,000 Greek Cypriots (in free Cyprus/
Christians of Greek Orthodox dogma))
23,000 foreign residents (in free Cyprus)
85-90,000 Turkish Cypriots (Muslims)
(in occupied Cyprus)
85-90,000 Turkish settlers (Muslims)
(in occupied Cyprus)
GDP $157bn $7.9bn
Per Capita $4,800 $ 12,800
SYSTEM: Semi-praetorian; multi-party Western multi-party democracy
system but army remains
ultimate arbiter in politics
Total 639,000 10,000
Army 490,000 (in mainland 10,00035,000 (in occupied
Tanks 3,980 (in mainland 145
300 (in occupied
Navy 51,000 No combat navy
(130 surfase vessels) (2 Patrol Boats)
(15 submarines) (None)
Air Force 63,000 No Air Force(434 combat aircraft) (None)
Defense budget $$5,7bn (1996) $358m (1996)
NOTE: The Turkish occupation army in the northern part of Cyprus is deployed offensively and is kept in 100% alert status. This military force enjoys the full support from the army, navy and airforce in mainland Turkey, and maintains overwhelming military superiority in Cyprus. Turkish warplanes taking off from Adana, can be over Cyprus in less than six minutes. The Turkish air force has been violating routinely Cypriot airspace the last 22 years, often flying over the capital Nicosia and other cities. In order to improve its defensive capabilities, Cyprus has entered to a defense agreement with Greece known as the Joint Defense Doctrine. On January 4, 1997, Cyprus and Russia signed an agreement for the purchase by Cyprus of the Russian S-300 air defense missile system. The cost for the missiles is estimated around half-a-billion dollars. Turkey has threatened to attack Cyprus if it proceeds with the deployment of this air defense system (See Cyprus Chronology of Events: January 5, 1997, and Janury 12-16, 1997)
Source: The primary source on the Cyprus army and the military balance between Turkey and Cyprus is, The Military Balance 1996/97, The International Institute for Strategic Studies, London.
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