CYPRUS: Demography

Population: 1994 estimate: 722,800 of whom:

NOTE: According to the 1960 Constitution, the small religious minorities of Maronites, Armenians and Latins opted to be classified demographically with the Greek-Cypriot community.

The impact of the Turkish invasion on the island's demography was overwhelming. The population declined and remained below the figure of 1974 for a decade, until the end of 1984. Gradually, with birth and death rates and migration becoming more normal the population picked up and started growing again. While the population of the Greek-Cypriots increased gradually since 1976 and at a faster rate since 1990 due to the repatriation of Greek-Cypriots, the Turkish-Cypriot community has been decreasing since 1985. This difference in population growth of the two communities is primarily due to differing migration movements, as both fertility and mortality rates are about the same for the two communities. Indeed, according to data from Turkish-Cypriot sources it is estimated that more than 41,000 Turkish-Cypriots have emigrated in the period 1974-1992. However, despite Turkish-Cypriot emigration, the size of the occupied-area's population has increased, from 116,000 in March 1975, to about 177,000 in 1993. This 52.6% increase in population in less than two decades, can only be explained in light of the transfer of settlers from mainland Turkey. It is estimated that the number of Turkish settlers colonizing occupied Cyprus exceeds 80,000 and probably equals that of the Turkish Cypriots. ( For more on the settler issue, see the section titled ""Turkish-occupied territory.")

Nationality: noun--Cypriot(s); adjective--Cypriot.

Birth rate: 16.8 births/1,000 population (1993 est.)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1,000 population (1993 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1993 est.)

Life expectancy: male, 73.97; female, 78.58.

Age-Structure (%)

0-14   26.4
15-64  63.6
65+    10.0

Net Migration Rate: N/A.

Religion & languages: Greek-Cypriots speak Greek (Cypriot dialect) and are Orthodox Christians who adhere to the Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus (83.1%). Turkish-Cypriots speak Turkish and adhere to Islam (12.9%). About 4% of the population adheres to other religions: Armenians, Maronites, Catholics, others. The average Cypriot can communicate sufficiently in English.

Literacy: 94% (1992, refers only to Greek-Cypriots)


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