Note: Since the Turkish invasion of July 1974, the northern 37% of the Cypriot Republic's territory has been under Turkish military occupation . Except where indicated, the information below refers to the area under the control of the Cyprus government. Since little factual information--that can be verified independently-- exists for the Turkish-occupied area, most of the data regarding that area is based on estimates. A separate section at the end of this report, deals exclusively with the Turkish-occupied territory.
Total area: (entire island) 9,251 sq km, (3,572 sq m.)
Population: (entire island) 1994 estimate: 722,800 of whom:
608,300 Greek-Cypriots (84.1%) living almost exclusively in the government controlled area.
93,000 Turkish-Cypriots (12.9%), living almost exclusively in the Turkish-occupied area. (There are indications however that the Turkish Cypriot population today is under 90,000 due to emigration. See Turkish-occupied territory).
21,500 foreigners (3%), residing in the free area of the Republic.
Religion: (entire island) 83.1% Greek Orthodox Christian; 12.9% Muslim; 4% others.
Languages: Greek, English.
Literacy: 94% (1992, refers only to Greek-Cypriots).
Government: Cyprus is an independent sovereign Republic with a presidential system of government.
President of the Republic: Glafkos Clerides
Speaker of the House: Alexis Galanos
International Status The Republic of Cyprus is a member of the United Nations Organization and UN Agencies. The Republic of Cyprus is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. It is also a member of the Council of Europe. Cyprus is linked with the European Union through a Customs Union agreement, while it has already applied for full membership in the EU. Moreover, the Cyprus Republic is a member of the Commonwealth composed of former British colonies.
International disputes: Since the summer of 1974, Turkish troops have occupied the northern 37% of the island's territory. The Turkish-occupied area is separated from the free area by a narrow UN buffer zone. In 1983, the occupation authorities unilaterally declared the area under their control an "independent state," the so-called "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC) recognized only by Turkey. UN Security Council resolution 541 considers TRNC declaration of independence as " legally invalid ." The only internationally recognized legitimate authority in Cyprus is that of the government of the Republic of Cyprus. The US State Department recognizes only the Cyprus government.
Economy: Cyprus has a small, diversified and prosperous free market economy. Cyprus has a record of successful economic performance, reflected in rapid growth, full employment and stability throughout most of the post-Independence (1960) period. In 1974 Cypriot economy was shaterred as a consequence of the Turkish invasion. In a short period of time it has rebounded, however, and moved towards a path of sustained growth (See Economy)
Gross Domestic Product: US $7,2bn Gross National Product: US $7,3bn Per Capita GDP: US $12,233 Inflation Rate : 5.3% Unemployment Rate: 2.6%
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