COMMUNICATIONS & TRANSPORTATION

Railways: 1,600 miles (2,577 km).

Roads: 24,175 miles (38,938 km) -- paved: 10,136 miles (16,090 km).

Aviation: Olympic Airways SA provides domestic and international services.

Airports: There are 77 operational airports. Main airports are Athens, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Corfu. International airports also at Lesvos, Andravida, Rhodes, Kos and Heraklion/Crete. The main airport near Athens in Glyfada, is quite insufficient to accommodate the enormous tourist traffic and airport facilities are generally poor compared to western European standards. The Greek government has recently signed a contract for a new modern airport to be constructed at Spata, outside Athens.

Shipping: 1,059 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 29,343,367 GRT / 54,249,294 DWT. It should be noted that Greeks also own a number of ships under the registry of Cyprus, Liberia, Panama, Malta, the Bahamas and Lebanon. Greece remains a major world force in merchant marine. Revenues from shipping constitute substantially to bridge the gap in Greece's external balance of payments.

Ports: Major ports at Piraeus, Eleusis, Thessaloniki, and Volos. There are also 20 secondary and 35 minor ports. Good port and marina facilities in the Aegean islands attract yachts from all over. Sailing the Aegean is popular among many of the world's yacting elite including the United States.

Telecommunications: There are 4.1 million telephones and the telecommunications network reaches all areas of the country. By American and western European standards though, Greece's telecommunication system is rather inadequate and outdated. However, a modernization program is already under way, and mobile telephones are now widely used. There are 4.3 million radios and 2 million televisions (1991 est.). Microwave radio relay carries most traffic, extensive open-wire network, submarine cables to off-shore islands. Broadcast stations--29 AM, 17 (20 repeaters) FM; The State's monopoly on radio and television broadcasting ended in 1987 and 1990 respectively. There are several independent and privately owned television stations today.


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