DEMOGRAPHY

Nationality: noun--Greek(s); adjective--Greek

Population:

Note: There is a large number of people of Greek ethnic origin permanently living abroad. The Greeks of the Diaspora number around 7 million and are concentrated chiefly in the United States, Canada, Australia, Britain, Germany, France, Belgium, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and Kazakstan.

Population Density: 77.8 inhabitants/ sq. km. (202 inhabitants/ sq. mi.)

Note: Some 42.4% of the country's population is concentrated in six cities; 30% of the population lives in Athens. The unplanned and haphazard development of Athens since the second World War combined with the heavy concentration of population, has created urban problems of gigantic proportions. The quality of life in Athens is lower than other western European capitals.


     Greater Athens Area       3,095,775 (30.2%)
     Thessaloniki              739,998   (7.2%)
     Patras                    172,763   (1.7%)
     Heraklion                 127,600   (1.2%)
     Larissa                   113,426   (1.1%)
     Volos                     106,142   (1.0%)
     Total                     4,356,704 (42.4%)

Population by Age


     up to 19    27%
     20-59       54%
     60 and over 19%


Birth Rate: 10.5 births/ 1000 population (1994 est.)

Death Rate: 9.32 deaths/ 1000 population (1994 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 0.84% (1994 est.)

Net Migration Rate: 7.21 migrants/ 1000 population (1994 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate: 8.6 deaths/ 1000 live births (1994 est.)

Male: 75.2 years. Female: 80.35 years. (1994 est.)

Total Fertility Rate: 1.45 children born/ woman (1994 est.)

Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%.

Languages: Greek (official), English and French widely understood.

Literacy: Total Population: 93%. Male: 98%. Female: 89%.

Labor Force:

4.083 million (roughly 2.5 million men and 1.5 million women)

By occupation: services 48%, agriculture 24%, industry 28% (1993 est.)


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