Mediterranean state at the tip of the Balkan Peninsula, in southeastern Europe, bordering Turkey to the east; Albania, Bulgaria and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to the north; and surrounded by the Ionian and the Aegean seas.
Note: Strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and the southern approach to the Turkish straights.
Area: Total Area: 131,957 sq.km. (50,880 sq.mi.)
Land Area: 130, 800 sq.km. (50,471 sq.mi.)
Comparative Area: slightly smaller than Alabama.
Some 80% of the mainland is mountainous with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands. Approximately 3,000 islands account for 19% of Greece's area. Cultivated land covers about 30% of the country's total area.
Total 1,210 km (747 miles), Albania 282 km (174mi), Bulgaria 494 km (305 mi), Turkey 206 km (127 mi), Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) 228 km (141 mi.)
Coastline: 13,676 km (8,442 mi.)
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to depth of exploitation.
Territorial sea: 6 nm, but Greece has announced it reserves the right to extend its territorial waters to 12 nm, in accordance with international law and the Law of the Sea.
Temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Spring is hot and autumn long and warm.. The lowest temperatures are recorded between December and February, and the highest in July and August. In general, Greece enjoys over 250 days of sunshine annually.
Subject to earthquakes; unplanned development has contributed to serious environmental degradation in urban areas, Athens especially; air pollution in Athens is quite severe in the summer and poses health hazards to elderly individuals with respiratory ailments. Frequent forests fires in the summer, many of them set by land speculators, have burned substantial part of Greek forest.
Natural Resources: Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble.
Land Use: 23% arable land; 8% permanent crops; 40% meadows and pastures; 20% forest and woodland; 9% other; includes 7% irrigated.
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